Liste diktatoren

liste diktatoren

Mai Der Begriff kommt aus dem Lateinischen: „Diktator“ heißt in der und damit ist die Liste der schlimmsten Diktatoren keinesfalls vollständig. Liste: Bekannte sowie berühmt-berüchtigte Diktatoren und Diktatorinnen von heute und aus der Geschichte auf water-and-life.eu Die folgende Liste gibt die Präsidenten des Landes wieder, das allgemein als Demokratische November , Mai , regierte das Land als Diktator; wurde in einem Bürgerkrieg abgesetzt. Laurent-Désiré Kabila, Mai , Interim president ; President of Mexico Resigned eighteen months later. Propaganda and Dictatorship Princeton UP, Acting President ; President of El Salvador Forced out of power in grand casino basel jackpot communist party to comply with demands of protesters. Also excluded from this list are those who held absolute power during national emergencies, but restored the rule of law soon thereafter. He attempted to develop a personality cult; large posters of him were common in the capital Etoro kontakt during his reign, many of which can still be seen today. Believed to have interfered frequently in the internal affairs of neighboring states while a warlordbefore his election to the presidency. Lead military regime installed by previous head of state. Turkemnistan still continues to be oppressive and a single-party state. The film score was composed by Erran Baron Cohen. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Die von ihm angeführte nationale Bewegung ist für umfangreiche politisch motivierte Verbrechen wie z. Die Menschheit in sich ist ein Massenmörder. Kein Wunder, dass kein Name dort verantwortlich zeichnet. Hätte er nicht verloren wären es aber wahrscheinlich wirklich mehr. Dabei wird Nasarbajew von den Kasachen durchaus geschätzt und unterstützt, wobei Analysten unsicher sind, ob die wiederholten Wahlsiege Früchte seiner politischen Potenzen oder aber des jahrelangen Personenkults sind. Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa. Zayid bin Sultan Al Nahyan. Meines Wissensstandes nach eine kolossale fehldarstellung. Die Kollektivierung der Landswirtschaft verursachte schwere Hungersnöte, denen Schätzungen zufolge über sechs Millionen Menschen zum Opfer fielen.

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Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo. Kim Jong Il provoziert mit seiner Atompolitik die ganze Welt. Wo ist Ramsan Kadyrow aus dem schönen Tschetschenien? Autonomiebehörde und Staat Palästina sind institutionell eng verbunden, inwieweit die Autonomiebehörde im Staat aufgehen soll, ist umstritten. Vor allem die USA stellt diese Länder oft sehr schlecht da, warum auch immer. In den vielen Kriegen sterben keine Menschen mehr. Ich glaube, in dieser Liste dürfte auch Napoleon stehen, und vielleciht sogar die Liste führen? Sie wird von 12 amerikanischen Staaten u. Diese Seite speichert Cookies und stellt Verbindungen zu Drittservern her.

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Prime Minister of Egypt ; President of Egypt Part of a group of officers in control of Egypt after the coup against British supported King Farouk in ; In February , Nasser forced [Citation Needed] President Muhammad Naguib to appoint him prime minister and give up most practical power to him; later in that year Naguib resigned and Nasser became president by self-appointment; elected by popular vote as only candidate in , and subsequently.

Widely described as a dictator see [1] , [2] with estimates of up to 50, extrajudicial killings during his rule see [3] and , Guineans fleeing his rule [4].

President of the Central African Republic. Banned opposition see [5] ; Gained power by coup in , though subsequently stood for election see [6].

Described himself as "African Lenin ". Schoolteacher and first President of Mali. In the last few years of his presidency, full powers were vested in an extralegal "National Committee for Defense of the Revolution".

He was deposed in a military coup. Head of State ; President of Chad Never fought a contested election; imprisoned opposition leaders. Ruled until with all opposition banned, but not considered particularly repressive.

Relocated the official capital to his home village of Yamoussoukro and constructed the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro , the largest religious structure in Africa.

Prime Minister of Uganda ; President of Uganda and Suspended the constitution and declared himself President and Prime Minister in Prime Minister of Malawi ; President of Malawi Banned all opposition in ; declared himself President for Life in ; exiled and killed opposition leaders.

Ordered that a letter bomb be sent to exiled opposition leader Attati Mpakati ; suspected of being involved in the car crash deaths of senior Congress Party leaders; violently crushed an attempted rebellion.

Aged 98, he allowed and lost a free election in President of the Republic of Zambia Accused of torturing political opponents.

Defeated by Frederick Chiluba in Bokassa abolished the constitution of on January 4 and began to rule by decree.

He proclaimed himself emperor in see [7]. Gained power in a coup; never fought a contested election until ; banned, tortured and killed opposition.

Fostered a cult of personality that was reinforced after he was the sole survivor of an airplane crash in January saw a mass exodus of residents to neighboring states after security forces fired on pro-democracy demonstrators.

Further repression followed a purported coup attempt see [8]. In , Bongo decreed a one-party state under his Gabonese Democratic Party and was thrice elected unopposed in the s and s.

Open elections were held in and Bongo was re-elected in , and Observers have criticized the elections as unfair and corruption watchdogs have accused the president of nepotism.

Riots resulting from the mysterious death in of prominent dissident Joseph Rendjambe in a government hotel room were put down by French troops.

Seized power in a coup; banned all opposition; installed a police state; established one-party state in President of Equatorial Guinea Elected in but declared himself President for Life in ; "extreme personality cult"; over a third of population fled his regime.

Declared an atheist state by Spanish dictator Francisco Franco. As many as 50, civilians were killed, in particular those of the Bubi ethnic minority on Bioko associated with relative wealth and intellectualism.

Gained power in a military coup, banned opposition, dissolved southern Sudanese government, imposed sharia law.

Executed several leading communists the most prominent being Abdel Khaliq Mahjub and Joseph Garang after a botched coup attempt.

In , during the power vacuum following the assassination of President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, the military staged a coup and took over.

Barre was to rule for the next twenty-two years. He attempted to develop a personality cult; large posters of him were common in the capital Mogadishu during his reign, many of which can still be seen today.

He dreamed of a " Greater Somalia " and tried unsuccessfully to annex the Ogaden —legally Ethiopian territory—in to realize this end see Ogaden War.

President of Egypt Unelected, suppressed opposition in what was termed "The Corrective Revolution". President of Uganda , later declared as for Life.

Deposed in after declaring war on Tanzania. One-party state; repression of opposition; tens of thousands of extrajudicial killings.

Head of the Federal Military Government of Nigeria between and Elected President of Nigeria in Chairman of the African Union Widely described as a military dictator see [9] , [10].

Deposed the elected president Sir James Mancham and promulgated a one-party constitution after a period of rule by decree. Created the National Youth Service NYS , a compulsory educational institution that included traditional curricula interlaced with political indoctrination and paramilitary training.

Changed constitution to establish a de jure one-party state; resorted to repressive rule, including torture and imprisonment without trial.

Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. Deposed his uncle in a violent coup; opposition is banned in all but name. One-party state; did not stand for election until see [11].

Gained power in a military coup that killed President William R. Promoted Krahn chauvinism and "died a multi-millionaire and proud owner of mansions and estates" see [12].

Gained power in a military coup during but handed it over. Re-took power in another coup of Elected President in and again in before standing aside as per the constitution.

Gained power in a coup; persecuted opposition; allowed and lost free elections in Attempted second coup in Former President of Egypt.

Did not stand in a contested election until , when a highly restricted democratic process was allowed. Was forced from power after a series of mass protests.

Ahidjo resigned on November 6, and Biya became president. After years of totalitarian rule, he allowed the creation of opposition parties in but his re-elections have been marked by widespread fraud and intimidation.

Chairman of the Council of State ; President of Chad Gained power in a coup; abolished post of Prime Minister; executed opposition leaders.

Gained power in coup. Overthrown and killed in coup. Annulled the most free and fair presidential election in the history of Nigeria, leading to the death of the presidenstial candidate Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola.

Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. Although he announced political pluralism in , his Democratic Constitutional Rally formerly Neo-Destour party continues to dominate the national politics and there is no genuine open political debate.

In , although two unknown alternative candidates were permitted for the first time to stand in the presidential elections, Ben Ali was re-elected with A controversial constitutional referendum in allowed him to seek re-election and contemplate the possibility of remaining in office until On October 24, , he was again re-elected, officially taking Certain books, periodicals and internet sites are banned or blocked.

The National Television frequently show his actions during a week, but often the President only appears in passing on television.

In he was forced from power after mass protests. Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir. Took power in a military coup and increasingly centralized power into himself.

Widely believed to be implicated in the Darfur Janjaweed pogroms. Head of State ; President of Chad to date. Gained power in a coup; continues to suppress opposition and press see [15].

Chairman of the Provisional Ruling Council Seized power in a coup; persecuted opposition; never stood for election. Jailed Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola , the presumed winner of the annulled presidential election; presided over execution of activist Ken Saro-Wiwa.

Vice-President of Rwanda ; President Present. Brouhgt to power by a guerilla movement which plunged the country into bloodshed and led to the Rwandan Genocide in Responsible of the killings of innocent civilians, women and children in Kibeho refugee camp.

Responsible of the killings of 4 millions congolese. Responsible of the killings of Priests and Archbishops in Kabgayi.

President of The Gambia. Right to the press and free speech suppressed. Stood for three elections , , and ; last election deemed unfair by opposition.

President of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Overthrew Mobutu Sese Seko in coup. No elections held during ongoing, interstate First and Second Congo Wars.

President of Liberia Elected, but widely described as a dictator see [16] , [17] , [18]. Linked to " blood diamonds " and illegal arms trading.

Believed to have interfered frequently in the internal affairs of neighboring states while a warlord , before his election to the presidency.

President of the Central African Republic to date. Gained power in a coup and suspended the constitution, though he has restored some democracy see [19].

Ely Ould Mohamed Vall. Chairman of the Military Council for Justice and Democracy. Gained power via a military coup. Though he has said to relinquish power to an elected government in Elected President of Zambia.

Sata shut down the opposition and maintains relationships with Robert Mugabe. Supported by the Muslim Brotherhood. Described Jews as "apes and pigs".

Massively expanded his presidential authority upon being elected, giving himself unlimited powers. Repressive, cracked down on free speech and any opposition.

Desposed when popular opposition forced him to abdicate. President or Provisional President of Mexico , then to February , June to December , March to September and finally When Anastasio Bustamante led a coup overthrowing and killing President Vicente Guerrero , Santa Anna seized power and then was elected President in He was overthrown and restored to power several times before his final overthrow in Interim president ; President of Mexico , De facto ruler Gained power in a coup, after his Revolution of Tuxtepac overthrew his predecessor, Lerdo.

He did not run for reelection after his first term in order to keep his one-term promises that he made during his revolution.

However, he retook the presidency a few years later and did not leave from power until the Revolution of kicked him from the Presidency.

However, the poor became quite miserable during this time. He was eventually overthrown by the Revolution which lasted 10 years.

Appointed president, established a military dictatorship for about a year, and then was forced to resign.

Gained power in a coup; styled himself President for Life. An American fillibuster takes over and proclaims himself President of Nicaragua.

Tried to conquer several Central American countries. Past that time, however, the term dictator assumed an invariably negative connotation.

In popular usage, a dictatorship is often associated with brutality and oppression. As a result, it is often also used as a term of abuse against political opponents.

The term has also come to be associated with megalomania. Many dictators create a cult of personality around themselves and they have also come to grant themselves increasingly grandiloquent titles and honours.

A benevolent dictatorship refers to a government in which an authoritarian leader exercises absolute political power over the state but is perceived to do so with regard for benefit of the population as a whole, standing in contrast to the decidedly malevolent stereotype of a dictator.

A benevolent dictator may allow for some economic liberalization or democratic decision-making to exist, such as through public referenda or elected representatives with limited power, and often makes preparations for a transition to genuine democracy during or after their term.

It might be seen as a republican form of enlightened despotism. The association between a dictator and the military is a common one; many dictators take great pains to emphasize their connections with the military and they often wear military uniforms.

In some cases, this is perfectly legitimate; Francisco Franco was a lieutenant general in the Spanish Army before he became Chief of State of Spain ; Manuel Noriega was officially commander of the Panamanian Defense Forces.

In other cases, the association is mere pretense. Some dictators have been masters of crowd manipulation , such as Mussolini and Hitler.

Others were more prosaic speakers, such as Stalin and Franco. Because of its negative associations, modern leaders very rarely if ever use the term dictator in their formal titles.

In the 19th century, however, its official usage was more common:. Russia during the Civil War. Under the Soviet leaders Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin , government policy was enforced by extrajudicial killings , secret police originally known as the Cheka and the notorious Gulag system of concentration camps.

Most Gulag inmates were not political prisoners, although significant numbers of political prisoners could be found in the camps at any one time.

Data collected from Soviet archives gives the death toll from Gulags at 1,, Pol Pot became dictator of Cambodia in In all, an estimated 1.

The formal definition yields an interesting distinction between two different types of dictators. Note that these definitions disregard some alleged dictators who are not interested in the actual achieving of social goals, as much as in propaganda and controlling public opinion.

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three stars out of a possible four, saying, " The Dictator is funny, in addition to being obscene, disgusting, scatological, vulgar, crude and so on.

He establishes a claim to be the best comic filmmaker now working. And in a speech about dictatorships, he practices merciless political satire.

The film has officially been banned in Tajikistan , [36] described as "unlikely" to be shown in Turkmenistan , [37] shortened to 71 minutes by the censorship in Uzbekistan , [38] and banned from screens two weeks after its premiere in Kazakhstan.

Rumours were circulating that the film has been also informally banned from showing in Belarus , [40] but state officials denied this referring to deficiency of properly equipped movie theaters suitable for showing the film distributed exclusively in digital format.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Middle Eastern folk tale, see Aladdin. United Kingdom United States [3].

Reilly uncredited as Clayton [7] Bobby Lee as Mr. Archived from the original on May 7, Retrieved April 10, British Board of Film Classification.

Retrieved March 13, Retrieved August 1, The New York Times. Retrieved May 7, Archived from the original on May 6, Retrieved December 14, Retrieved May 6, Retrieved January 27, In the first trailer, The shoot also included scenes in Seville, specifically in the plaza Retrieved May 17, Retrieved February 24,

Afterwards, he marries Zoey, but is shocked when she crushes a glass and reveals herself to be Jewish ; throughout the film he was shown vowing to "destroy Israel".

Aladeen responds to the news by asking if Zoey is having " a boy or an abortion ". The unrated cut of The Dictator runs an additional fifteen minutes from the original minute theatrical version.

Much of the added material is additional sexual content and dialogue. There is a scene following Aladeen falling asleep in the back of the store where one of his bodyguards, Etra, tries to kill him by beating him with her enlarged breasts.

Another added scene is Mr. Ogden, the manager of the Lancaster Hotel, talking to Zoey at The Collective and cancelling the catering contract because of Aladeen.

Paramount Pictures described the film as "the heroic story of a North African dictator who risked his life to ensure that democracy would never come to the country he so lovingly oppressed.

Morocco had been considered as a filming location. The ashes were later reported to be pancake mix. Baron Cohen appeared in character on the May 5, , episode of Saturday Night Live during the " Weekend Update " segment, in which he appeared to torture film critics A.

Scott and Roger Ebert to give the film positive reviews, as well as seemingly holding director Martin Scorsese hostage. A publicity prank involved fake invitations that have been arriving in mailboxes in Washington , according to which "President Robert Mugabe and the Ministry of Education, Sport, Art, and Culture invite you to the Premiere of The Dictator.

The film score was composed by Erran Baron Cohen. The majority of the songs are sung in Wadiyan despite it being a fictional language; however, it is closely associated with the German, Hungarian, and Arabic languages.

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three stars out of a possible four, saying, " The Dictator is funny, in addition to being obscene, disgusting, scatological, vulgar, crude and so on.

He establishes a claim to be the best comic filmmaker now working. And in a speech about dictatorships, he practices merciless political satire.

The film has officially been banned in Tajikistan , [36] described as "unlikely" to be shown in Turkmenistan , [37] shortened to 71 minutes by the censorship in Uzbekistan , [38] and banned from screens two weeks after its premiere in Kazakhstan.

Rumours were circulating that the film has been also informally banned from showing in Belarus , [40] but state officials denied this referring to deficiency of properly equipped movie theaters suitable for showing the film distributed exclusively in digital format.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Middle Eastern folk tale, see Aladdin. United Kingdom United States [3]. Reilly uncredited as Clayton [7] Bobby Lee as Mr.

President - , as a military ruler representing the Conservatives. However, Reyes ruled as a dictator.

He dissolved the congress and replaced it with a handpicked legislature, jailed and exiled political opponents, and declared martial law.

Provisional President ; President of Venezuela , , Gained power in a coup; never elected; kleptocrat; widely described as a dictator see [31] , [32] , [33].

Junta Chairman ; President of Peru , Twice gained power by coup. Gained power in a coup; ignored constitution; suppressed and exiled opposition.

Acting President , President - Democratically elected to a six-year term in Head of provisional government after revolution; indirectly elected as Constitutional President ; launched a coup in and became dictator ; democratically-elected President of Brazil Provisional president ; President of Paraguay Seized absolute power; ruled by diktat until Chairman of military junta - ; President of Peru - Gained power in a coup; restricted civil rights; allowed election in Member of military junta - ; Provisional president ; President of Venezuela - He took over in a military coup see [34] , [35] , [36].

Gained power in a coup; abolished most opposition; subsequently appointed by congress. Chairman of the military junta, January jointly with Alfredo Ovando ; President of Bolivia, August - Prime Minister - ; President - Elected, but became increasingly dictatorial; held dubious elections and encouraged leftist religious cults such as the Peoples Temple to settle in the Guyanese interior see [37] , [38].

Artur da Costa e Silva. President of Brazil Elected in , but centralised power; closed the Congress; banned opposition; suspended free press.

Decreed Institutional Act No. Appointed by congress, but instituted a military government; suppressed press and opposition see [39].

Gained power in a coup; suppressed opposition; closed universities; 3, opponents arrested, killed. President of Uruguay - Elected, but installed a military government, dissolved Congress, suspended civil liberties and banned unions.

Gained power in a coup; suppressed and exiled opposition; over " disappearances " and 28, tortured. Congress-appointed President of Brazil.

The fourth of the military dictators; party and union freedom were still inexistent during his term; had oppositionists like journalist Wladimir Herzog and factory worker Manoel Fiel Filho tortured and murdered.

Gained power in a coup; never elected; between ten and thirty thousand opponents killed. Society won some democratic measures these years, but there was still a major fraud during State government elections.

His government was responsible for the bomb in the Riocentro. Chairman of the National Military Council Gained power in a coup; never elected; widespread misrule.

Most infamous atrocity is the Decembermoorden. Gained power in the "Cocaine Coup" aided by Klaus Barbie ; highly repressive; over 1, killed.

Ignored constitution; extensive human rights abuses see [40]. President of Argentina Gained power in a coup see [41] , [42]. Deposed after failed invasion of the Falkland Islands in President of Peru , widely critizised for his political authoritarism.

After enjoying a certain degree of popular support, Fujimori was forced from office following controversial third term re-election [46].

In political opponent Mario Vargas Llosa called Fujimori a "dictator" [47]. His government was also marked by the influence of the director of the SIN, Vladimiro Montesinos [48] [49].

Currently in Peru, Fujimori is in trial for presumed charges ranging from corruption to participation in crimes against humanity. Appointed special powers, nationalized the media and oil companies,Shut down opposition media and banned "The Simpsons.

President of the Dominican Republic five times. Gained power following coups; never elected. President of the Dominican Republic three times.

Never elected; widely described as a dictator see [51] , [52] , [53]. A follower of Benito Mussolini , he is widely described as a dictator see [54] , [55].

President of the Dominican Republic - , - ; de facto ruler Gained power in a coup; cult of personality renamed the capital Ciudad Trujillo ; promoted racism against Haitians and ordered the massacre of 20, blacks.

President of Cuba ; Gained power the second time in a coup; suppressed opposition violently. Use of torture and collective punishment. Elected in , but banned opposition; declared himself President for Life in ; highly repressive.

Gained power after revolution. Castro was elected President after , but within a one-party Communist state. Retired due to his poor health.

Inherited presidency aged 19 from his father; never elected. Prime Minister of Grenada Widely described as a dictator see [56] , [57] , [58].

De facto ruler for a relatively short period of time. Gained power in a coup see [59]. He became ruler by dropping his father Bayezid II from the throne.

In , he usurped the caliphate from the Mamluk Sultanate. He abolished the constitutional regime in , and established an oppressive regime. The dissidents were imprisoned or exiled through agents.

Newspapers, magazines and books were censored. They made a coup on the worsening of the First Balkan War and took over the administration.

Marshal and first President of Turkey. Led the Turkish national movement. Transformed Turkey into a secular republic through broad authoritarian reforms.

Gained power by coup; viewed by some as benevolent see [60]. Gained power in a coup; totalitarian; [Citation Needed] cult of personality; oversaw Hama massacre yielding twenty to forty thousand dead see [61].

As Supreme Leader , held ultimate and uncontested authority over all government matters under the principle of Guardianship.

Created the extra-constitutional Special Clerical Court system in , accountable only to the Supreme Leader and used principally for suppression of political dissent.

Instituted routine torture, beheadings for children. Pressured Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr to resign in and formally became president.

Repressive; developed extensive personality cult; deposed by United States and coalition forces in an invasion.

Only permitts government-organized demonstrations. Allows a multi-party government but disallows the candidacy of true moderates. No opposition permitted in election following death of his father; widely described as a dictator see [68] , [69] , [70].

Dubious election; opposition suppressed see [71]. Prime Minister of Turkey ; President of Turkey since His crackdowns on protests, restrictions on the media, banning of public websites, purging of prosecutors looking to investigate him, and general curbing of civil liberties follow the path of a typical autocrat.

He changed the constitution to enhance his autocratic powers and enshrine authoritarianism into law. Appointed but became increasingly authoritarian; widely described as a dictator see [72] , [73] , [74].

Described as authoritarian who is increasingly centralizing power see [75] , [76]. Elections essentially uncontested and unmonitored.

Declared President for Life in ; cult of personality ; his book Ruhnama is to be treated with reverence see [77] , [78]. Considered a Theocratic Dictator who excercized strict sharia laws; allowed the persecution of Hazaras; gave Al Qaeda refuge in Afghanistan.

Turkemnistan still continues to be oppressive and a single-party state. Gained power in a coup. Subsequent elections considered dubious see [81] , [82].

Military ruler, gaining power from coup see [83] , [84] , [85]. Autocrat ; widely considered to be a dictator; no opposition or free press allowed.

Took over following coup. Claimed government to be legitimate because it was Islamic see [86]. Appointed supreme Martial Law Governor of Balochistan by central Pakistani military government following coup.

Deposed Nawaz Sharif in a military coup, calling it a necessity during a state of emergency. Governed directly as commander in chief until Parliament reconvened in November Opposition parties state that the rule of law in his custody has deteriorated further.

Shogun of Japan and founder of the long reigning Tokugawa shogunate. He also created an "alternate attendance" system to pacify the daimyo warlords, as well as closing and isolating trade and the economy, in order to retain his power.

His rule was also marked by persecution of European missionaries and Japanese Christians. President of the Republic of China , self-proclaimed Emperor of China , Ignored legislative consent as defined by the Constitution ; dissolved the National Assembly ; assassinated Song Jiaoren ; disbanded the Kuomintang.

Known as the "Generalissimo". Gained power by military force. Leader of anti-communist one-party state under the Kuomintang.

Rule on mainland China repeatedly undermined by powerful regional factions, civil wars, and the war against Japan. Ruled with an iron-fist following his retreat to Taiwan in Declared "Eternal President" on his death.

Unelected; killed thousands of political rivals in the s; killed tens of thousands more during the land reforms of the s; presided over a one-party state.

First President of Indonesia. Consolidated his powers, and got proclaimed President for LIfe. Was overthrown by the then Dictator of Indonesia, Suharto.

Immense cult of personality; purged members of government; silenced opposition. Millions of Chinese citizens killed or murdered as a result of his policies and repression.

Unelected; autocratic; oppressed Buddhists see [89]. Took power in coup. Although initially welcomed by much of the population, he suspended the constitution in and introduced a new constitution that greatly increased his power.

Seized power in a coup; instituted extreme repression see [90] , [91]. Oppressed student-led uprisings in October and His New Order imprisoned Communists and alleged Communists; repressed Chinese inhabitants; made existing parties subordinate.

Described as a dictator in many sources see [92] , [93] , [94]. Unelected; led a Khmer Rouge dictatorship; responsible for deaths of at least 1 million Cambodian citizens during his rule.

Gained power in a coup; declared martial law; oversaw Gwangju Massacre. Unelected; one-party state see [95]. Released Aung San Suu Kyi in Army chief seized power while Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra was out of the country.

A state of martial law was declared, parliament was dissolved and the constitution abrogated. Instituted press censorship and restrictions on protests.

The first Muslim in charge of the mostly Buddhist army. A Puritan general in the English Civil War who quickly rose through the ranks to become de facto head of the Parliamentary forces.

They may hold left or right-wing views, or may be apolitical. Originally an emergency legal appointment in the Roman Republic , the term "Dictator" did not have the negative meaning it has now.

A Dictator was a magistrate given sole power for a limited duration. He avoided a major constitutional crisis by resigning the office after about one year, dying a few years later.

Later successors also declined the title of dictator, and usage of the title soon diminished among Roman rulers. As late as the second half of the 19th century, the term dictator had occasional positive implications.

For example, when creating a provisional executive in Sicily during the Expedition of the Thousand in , Giuseppe Garibaldi officially assumed the title of "Dictator" see Dictatorship of Garibaldi.

Past that time, however, the term dictator assumed an invariably negative connotation. In popular usage, a dictatorship is often associated with brutality and oppression.

As a result, it is often also used as a term of abuse against political opponents. The term has also come to be associated with megalomania.

Many dictators create a cult of personality around themselves and they have also come to grant themselves increasingly grandiloquent titles and honours.

A benevolent dictatorship refers to a government in which an authoritarian leader exercises absolute political power over the state but is perceived to do so with regard for benefit of the population as a whole, standing in contrast to the decidedly malevolent stereotype of a dictator.

A benevolent dictator may allow for some economic liberalization or democratic decision-making to exist, such as through public referenda or elected representatives with limited power, and often makes preparations for a transition to genuine democracy during or after their term.

It might be seen as a republican form of enlightened despotism. The association between a dictator and the military is a common one; many dictators take great pains to emphasize their connections with the military and they often wear military uniforms.

In some cases, this is perfectly legitimate; Francisco Franco was a lieutenant general in the Spanish Army before he became Chief of State of Spain ; Manuel Noriega was officially commander of the Panamanian Defense Forces.

In other cases, the association is mere pretense. Some dictators have been masters of crowd manipulation , such as Mussolini and Hitler.

Others were more prosaic speakers, such as Stalin and Franco. Because of its negative associations, modern leaders very rarely if ever use the term dictator in their formal titles.

In the 19th century, however, its official usage was more common:. Russia during the Civil War.

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Alle genannten Produktnamen, Logos und eingetragene Warenzeichen sind Eigentum der jeweiligen Rechteinhaber. Schnelle Antwort wäre super!: Der Begriff kommt aus dem Lateinischen: Nicolae Schalke 04 logo download Er führte von bis als Tipico verifizierung die Rumänische Kommunistische Partei und war von bis Staatspräsident Einzahlungen auszahlungen. Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. Die Opfer in Japan und China haben schon gleich super tipp nichts mit Hitler zu tun, dieser Krieg lief schon glaub ich Stalin und Kim il-Sung haben sicherlich mehr Menschen auf dem Liste diktatoren als diese lächerlichen fast wm 2026 Millionen.

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