On rugby

on rugby

Back in Montreal, Francis started high school and continued playing rugby. Since he started playing early, he was better than other kids which was an important. Rugby Union (oft auch einfach nur Rugby, Union oder Fünfzehner-Rugby genannt) ist eine Sportart aus der Rugby-Familie. Sie ist die am weitesten verbreitete. 10 on Rugby, Südafrika - Gästehaus in Kapstadt unter deutschsprachiger Leitung .

Walter Camp proposed at the US College Football rules convention that the contested scrummage be replaced with a " line of scrimmage " where the team with the ball started with uncontested possession.

This change effectively started the evolution of the modern game of American football away from its rugby origins. Rugby union is both a professional and amateur game, and is dominated by the first tier unions: In Canada and the United States, rugby union evolved into gridiron football.

During the late s and even the early s , the two forms of the game were very similar to the point where the United States was able to win the gold medal for rugby union at the Summer Olympics , but numerous rule changes have differentiated the gridiron-based game from its rugby counterpart, introduced by Walter Camp in the United States and John Thrift Meldrum Burnside in Canada.

Rugby league is also both a professional and amateur game, administered on a global level by the Rugby League International Federation.

In addition to amateur and semi-professional competitions in the United States , Russia , Lebanon , Serbia , Europe and Australasia, there are two major professional competitions—the Australasian National Rugby League and the Super League.

In Papua New Guinea it is the national sport. Distinctive features common to both rugby codes include the oval ball and throwing the ball forward is not allowed so that players can gain ground only by running with the ball or by kicking it.

As the sport of rugby league moved further away from its union counterpart, rule changes were implemented with the aim of making a faster-paced and more try-oriented game.

The main differences between the two games, besides league having teams of 13 players and union of 15, involve the tackle and its aftermath:.

Set pieces of the union code include the " scrum ", in which packs of opposing players push against each other for possession, and the " line-out ", in which parallel lines of players from each team, arranged perpendicular to the touch-line , attempt to catch the ball thrown from touch.

In the league code, the scrum still exists, but with greatly reduced importance as it involves fewer players and is rarely contested. Set pieces are generally started from the play-the-ball situation.

Many of the rugby league positions have similar names and requirements to rugby union positions , but there are no flankers in rugby league. In England, rugby union is widely regarded as an "establishment" sport, played mostly by members of the upper and middle classes.

For example, many pupils at public schools and grammar schools play rugby union, although the game which had a long history of being played at state schools until the s is becoming increasingly popular in comprehensive schools.

In contrast, rugby league has traditionally been seen as a working-class pursuit. Nevertheless, rugby league is perceived as the game of the working-class people in northern England [29] and in the Australian states of New South Wales and Queensland.

In France , rugby is widely played and has a strong tradition in the Basque , Occitan and Catalan areas along the border regions between Spain and France.

The game is very popular in South Africa, having been introduced by English-speaking settlers in the 19th century. British colonists also brought the game with them to Australia and New Zealand, where the game is widely played.

It has spread thence to much of Polynesia, having particularly strong followings in Fiji, Samoa, and Tonga.

Rugby union continues to grow in the Americas and parts of Asia as well. A rugby ball , originally called a quanco, is a diamond shape ball used for easier passing.

In rugby union, World Rugby regulates the size and shape of the ball under Law 2 also known as Law E. B ; an official rugby union ball is oval and made of four panels, has a length in-line of — millimetres, a circumference end to end of — millimetres, and a circumference in width of — millimetres.

It is made of leather or suitable synthetic material and may be treated to make it water resistant and easier to grip.

Smaller sized balls may also be used in games between younger players. Much larger versions of traditional balls are also available for purchase, but these are mainly for their novelty attraction.

It is an international tournament organized by World Rugby. The event is played in the union format and features the top 20 teams from around the world.

The Rugby League World Cup was the first World Cup of either of the Rugby codes and was first held in France in , and as of occurs on a 4-year cycle.

It is an international tournament that is organized by the Rugby League International Federation. The event is played in the league format and features the top 14 teams from around the world.

Rugby shirts were formerly made of cotton but are now made of a cotton and polyester mix. This material has the advantage of not absorbing as much water or mud as cotton alone.

The rugby jerseys are slightly different depending on the type of rugby game played. The shirts worn by rugby league footballers commonly have a large "V" around the neck.

The players in rugby union wear jerseys with a more traditional design, sometimes completely white Cahors Rugby in France. The number of the player and his or her surname are placed on the upper back of the jersey often name above number, with the number being significantly larger and more central , and the logo of the team on the upper left chest.

With the popularity of rugby over the years, many betting establishments have made it possible for viewers of the game to place wagers on games.

The various types of wagers that can be placed on games vary, however, the main types of bets that can be placed are as follows:. Like most team sports, both forms of rugby are vulnerable to match-fixing, particularly bets involving easily manipulated outcomes, such as conceding penalties and first point scorer.

A recent example is a deliberate infringement by Ryan Tandy in order for the first points scored to be a penalty goal in a NRL match; the attempt backfired when instead of taking a shot at goal, a try was scored.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Comparison of rugby league and rugby union. History of rugby union and History of rugby league.

Comparison of rugby league and rugby union , Laws of rugby league , and Rugby union numbering schemes. Rugby union numbering schemes.

Kennell, The Gymnasium of Virtue: From the great divide to the Super era". Retrieved 25 September Retrieved 30 May Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 3 July But it would still be one of the biggest shocks in World Cup history if Papua New Guinea — the only country to have rugby league as its national sport — were to qualify for the last four.

The Encyclopedia of Rugby Union. The Case of Rugby League Football. Tony Collins, Football, rugby, rugger? Sport Governing bodies Sportspeople National sport.

American football eight-man flag nine-man six-man sprint touch wheelchair Canadian football Indoor American football Arena football.

Beach Rugby league masters mod nines sevens tag wheelchair Rugby union American flag mini sevens snow tag touch tens Touch Wheelchair.

Rugby portal Rugby league portal Rugby union portal. Retrieved from " https: Rugby football Team sports Games and sports introduced in the 19th century Rugby School.

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Many different types of football are played throughout Britain. Running with the ball became common in s at Rugby School and Rugby School football became popular throughout the UK in the s, and s.

First written code of rules adopted at Rugby School. The first club to play rugby outside the British Islands. The Football Association FA is formed, formalising the schism between association football and rugby football.

The first rugby clubs are formed, followed by hundreds more in Cumberland, Lancashire and Yorkshire in the s, and s.

The British Army plays a game of rugby against civilians in Montreal, introducing rugby to the country. This movement would later evolve into Canadian football.

First recognised international rugby match , played between England and Scotland. Although a Rugby Football Union inquiry in found no actual proof, it decided to perpetuate the myth.

English Rugby rules required for a tackled player, when the ball was "fairly held", to put the ball down immediately for scrummage. Concerned at the growing dominance of the largely working-class northern clubs, the Rugby Football Union introduces strict amateur rules: Charges of professionalism are laid against rugby football clubs in Bradford and Leeds, after they compensated players for missing work.

RFU votes down proposal. Widespread suspensions of northern clubs and players begin. Many factors played a part in the split, including the success of working class northern teams, a decree by the RFU banning the playing of rugby at grounds where entrance fees were charged, threat of expulsion from the RFU if clubs cannot prove their amateurism, and the banning of "broken time payments" to players who had taken time off work to play rugby.

Within fifteen years of that first meeting in Huddersfield, more than RFU clubs had left to join the Northern Union. To make the game more exciting, the Northern Union abolishes the line-out and reduces value of all goals to two points.

Line outs were replaced with punting the ball back into play from the touch-line. Tries worth three points. The Challenge Cup is established and proves a success from the start.

Batley became the first winners, beating Saint Helens 10—3. Professionalism is introduced in the Northern Union. The professionalism is strictly part-time, with players obliged to have other "proper" jobs.

Rugby union features at the Olympics. It finishes in the Olympics. The experiment in the Northern Union with the punt-out ends after only four years.

It is illegal to push, shoulder-charge, or to trip a player using feet or legs, but hands may be used this being referred to as a tap-tackle or ankle-tap.

Mauls occur after a player with the ball has come into contact with an opponent but the handler remains on his feet; once any combination of at least three players have bound themselves a maul has been set.

When the ball leaves the side of the field, a line-out is awarded against the team which last touched the ball. Both sides compete for the ball and players may lift their teammates.

A scrum is a way of restarting the game safely and fairly after a minor infringement. A team may also opt for a scrum if awarded a penalty.

A scrum is formed by the eight forwards from each team binding together in three rows. Behind the second row is the number 8. This formation is known as the 3—4—1 formation.

There are three match officials: Common offences include tackling above the shoulders, collapsing a scrum , ruck or maul, not releasing the ball when on the ground, or being offside.

Occasionally, infringements are not caught by the referee during the match and these may be "cited" by the citing commissioner after the match and have punishments usually suspension for a number of weeks imposed on the infringing player.

During the match, players may be replaced for injury or substituted for tactical reasons. Prior to , all substitutions, no matter the cause, counted against the limit during a match.

In , World Rugby changed the law so that substitutions made to replace a player deemed unable to continue due to foul play by the opposition would no longer count against the match limit.

The most basic items of equipment for a game of rugby union are the ball itself, a rugby shirt also known as a "jersey" , rugby shorts , socks and boots.

The rugby ball is oval in shape, technically a prolate spheroid , and is made up of four panels. The WR lays out specific dimensions for the ball, mm in length, mm in circumference of length and mm in circumference of width.

The studs may be either metal or plastic but must not have any sharp edges or ridges. Protective equipment is optional and strictly regulated.

The most common items are mouthguards , which are worn by almost all players, and are compulsory in some rugby-playing nations.

Female players may also wear chest pads. The international governing body of rugby union and associated games such as sevens is World Rugby WR.

Six regional associations, which are members of WR, form the next level of administration; these are:. National unions oversee rugby union within individual countries and are affiliated to WR.

Since , the WR Council has 40 seats. In addition, the six regional associations have two seats each. The earliest countries to adopt rugby union were England , the country of inception, and the other three Home Nations, Scotland , Ireland and Wales.

The spread of rugby union as a global sport has its roots in the exporting of the game by British expatriates, military personnel, and overseas university students.

The first rugby club in France was formed by British residents in Le Havre in , while the next year Argentina recorded its first game: At least seven countries have adopted rugby union as their de facto national sport ; they are Fiji, [] Georgia , Madagascar , [] [] [] New Zealand , [] Samoa, [] Tonga [] and Wales.

Several island nations have embraced the sport of rugby. The city of Montreal also played its part in the introduction of the sport in the United States , when students of McGill University played against a team from Harvard University in Although the exact date of arrival of rugby union in Trinidad and Tobago is unknown, their first club Northern RFC was formed in , a national team was playing by and due to a cancelled tour to British Guiana in , switched their venue to Barbados ; introducing rugby to the island.

The growth of rugby union in Europe outside the 6 Nations countries in terms of playing numbers has been sporadic. The rest of Europe were let to play amongst themselves.

During a period when it had been isolated by the British and Irish Unions, France, lacking international competition, became the only European team from the top tier to regularly play the other European countries; mainly Belgium , the Netherlands , Germany , Spain , Romania , Poland , Italy and Czechoslovakia.

Other European rugby playing nations of note include Russia , whose first officially recorded match is marked by an encounter between Dynamo Moscow and the Moscow Institute of Physical Education in It adopted its current name of Rugby Europe in Although Argentina is the best-known rugby playing nation in South America , founding the Argentine Rugby Union in , [] several other countries on the continent have a long history.

Many Asian countries have a tradition of playing rugby dating from the British Empire. India began playing rugby in the early s, the Calcutta Football Club forming in However, with the departure of a local British army regiment, interest in rugby diminished in the area.

Rugby union was introduced to Japan in by two Cambridge students: Ginnosuke Tanaka and Edward Bramwell Clarke.

Other Asian playing countries of note include Singapore , South Korea , China and The Philippines , while the former British colony of Hong Kong is notable within rugby for its development of the rugby sevens game, especially the Hong Kong Sevens tournament which was founded in The official union of Oman was formed in Rugby remains a minority sport in the region with Israel , as of , being the only member union from the Middle East to be included in the IRB World Rankings.

This resulted in rugby being viewed as a bourgeois sport by the indigenous people with limited appeal. In more recent times the sport has been embraced by several African nations.

In the early 21st century Madagascar has experienced crowds of 40, at national matches, [] while Namibia, whose history of rugby can be dated from , have qualified for the final stages of the World Cup four times since New Zealand has won the Rugby World Cup the most 3 times and is the current cup holder, winning the Rugby World Cup held at Twickenham, beating Australia in the final.

The Rugby World Cup has continued to grow since its inception in After the initial internationals between England and Scotland, Ireland and Wales began competing in the s, forming the Home International Championships.

In a new system was introduced where each nation plays the others three times, though in and the teams played each other only twice, as both were World Cup years.

In World Cup years, an abbreviated tournament is held in which each team plays the others only once. New Zealand are the current champions, having won the title with a round to spare.

Rugby union was played at the Olympic Games in , , and In , France won the gold, beating Great Britain 27 points to 8 and defeating Germany 27 points to In , the United States again defeated France 17 to 3, becoming the only team to win gold twice in the sport.

In the International Olympic Committee voted with a majority of 81 to 8 that rugby union be reinstated as an Olympic sport in at least the and games, but in the sevens, 4-day tournament format.

In the and editions of the games, both the usual fifteen-a-side variety and rugby sevens were played, but from onwards, only rugby sevens was retained.

The event is likely to remain a permanent fixture of the Asian Games due to elevation of rugby sevens as an Olympic sport from the Olympics onwards.

Following the event, World Rugby moved the next edition of the event to , with a new four-year cycle from that point forward.

However, since then, England have won only in ; reigning champion France have won in each even-numbered year , , whilst Ireland won in and Rugby union has been professionalized since The following table shows fully professional rugby competitions.

Semi-professional competitions are excluded. The game of rugby union has spawned several variants of the full-contact, a-side code. The two more common differences applied to the variants of the sport lie in either fewer players or reduced player contact.

Of the variants, the oldest is Rugby sevens 7s, or VIIs , a fast-paced variant which originated in Melrose , Scotland in In rugby sevens, there are only seven players per side, and each half is normally seven minutes.

Major tournaments include the Hong Kong Sevens and Dubai Sevens , both held in areas not normally associated with the highest levels of the a-side game.

Due to the physical nature of playing rugby, several variants have been created to introduce the sport to children with a reduced level of physical contact.

Tag Rugby also varies in the fact that kicking the ball is not allowed. Mini rugby is another variant of rugby union aimed at fostering the sport in children.

Other less formal variants include beach rugby and snow rugby. Rugby league was formed as an administrative break from the English union before changing its laws, becoming a code in its own right.

The two sports continue to influence each other to this day. American football [] [] and Canadian football [] are derived from early forms of rugby.

Australian rules football was influenced by rugby football and other games originating in English public schools. James Naismith took aspects of many sports including rugby to invent basketball.

Naismith played rugby at McGill University. Swedish football was a code whose rules were a mix of Association and Rugby football rules.

Rugby lends its name to wheelchair rugby , a full-contact sport which contains elements of rugby such as crossing a try line with the ball to score.

According to a report by the Centre for the International Business of Sport, over four and a half million people play rugby union or one of its variants organised by the IRB.

It recorded a total of 6. The most capped international player from the tier 1 nations is former New Zealand openside flanker and captain Richie McCaw who has played in internationals.

In , the All Blacks of New Zealand set the new record 18 consecutive test wins among tier 1 rugby nations, bettering their previous consecutive run of The record attendance for a rugby union game was set on 15 July in which New Zealand defeated Australia 39—35 in a Bledisloe Cup game at Stadium Australia in Sydney before , fans.

In public art and sculpture there are many works dedicated to the sport. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a more detailed explanation of how rugby union is played, see Rugby union gameplay.

Not to be confused with Rugby league. History of rugby union. Rugby union laws and Rugby union gameplay.

Rugby union match officials and Laws of rugby union. World Rugby and Timeline of foundation of national rugby unions.

List of rugby union playing countries. Rugby union in Asia. List of rugby union competitions. History of American football , Comparison of American football and rugby union , Origins of Australian rules football , Comparison of rugby league and rugby union , and History of rugby league.

List of top rugby union players by international caps and List of top scoring international rugby union players. Some unions only report their registered players, i.

In the figures reported by the RFU they reported 1,, people playing rugby in England, including 1,, under 13s, , teens and , seniors. Some of those recorded would have experienced rugby via educational visits to schools, playing tag or touch rugby, rather than playing regularly for a club.

The figures released in give an overall figure of those playing rugby union, or one of its variants, as 6,,, but also reports that of that total, 3.

Retrieved 27 February Retrieved 28 March Retrieved 15 August Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 22 March Archived from the original on 29 August Retrieved 1 December Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 20 September Retrieved 6 February Five Epochs of Civilization: Retrieved 26 September The British and irish Lions.

Archived from the original on 7 June Retrieved 13 August Forerunners of the All Blacks. Retrieved 24 September Archived from the original on 24 August New Zealand History Online.

Retrieved 6 October The Invincible Second All Blacks have their toughest tour assignment when they are considered lucky to scrape home 13—10 against a star-studded Newport XV, 2 October: Argentina serve notice of their rapidly rising rugby stock by beating a Cardiff side captained by Gerald Davies.

The result of the very first match against Devon was regarded as a foregone conclusion by most British followers. BBC Cymru Wales history. Retrieved 3 December Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 10 August Retrieved 18 August The New York Times.

Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved 28 September Retrieved 19 November Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 21 March Retrieved 29 April Archived from the original PDF on 31 March Retrieved 30 September Retrieved 1 September Retrieved 16 August Archived from the original PDF on 16 February Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 7 December Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 26 April Archived from the original on 9 February Refereeing protocol rules over common sense".

Retrieved 15 March Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 24 October Archived from the original on 22 August Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 4 June Archived from the original on 22 September Archived from the original on 3 September Archived from the original on 12 September Archived from the original on 12 December

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The Rugby World Cup has continued to grow since its inception in After the initial internationals between England and Scotland, Ireland and Wales began competing in the s, forming the Home International Championships.

In a new system was introduced where each nation plays the others three times, though in and the teams played each other only twice, as both were World Cup years.

In World Cup years, an abbreviated tournament is held in which each team plays the others only once. New Zealand are the current champions, having won the title with a round to spare.

Rugby union was played at the Olympic Games in , , and In , France won the gold, beating Great Britain 27 points to 8 and defeating Germany 27 points to In , the United States again defeated France 17 to 3, becoming the only team to win gold twice in the sport.

In the International Olympic Committee voted with a majority of 81 to 8 that rugby union be reinstated as an Olympic sport in at least the and games, but in the sevens, 4-day tournament format.

In the and editions of the games, both the usual fifteen-a-side variety and rugby sevens were played, but from onwards, only rugby sevens was retained.

The event is likely to remain a permanent fixture of the Asian Games due to elevation of rugby sevens as an Olympic sport from the Olympics onwards.

Following the event, World Rugby moved the next edition of the event to , with a new four-year cycle from that point forward.

However, since then, England have won only in ; reigning champion France have won in each even-numbered year , , whilst Ireland won in and Rugby union has been professionalized since The following table shows fully professional rugby competitions.

Semi-professional competitions are excluded. The game of rugby union has spawned several variants of the full-contact, a-side code.

The two more common differences applied to the variants of the sport lie in either fewer players or reduced player contact. Of the variants, the oldest is Rugby sevens 7s, or VIIs , a fast-paced variant which originated in Melrose , Scotland in In rugby sevens, there are only seven players per side, and each half is normally seven minutes.

Major tournaments include the Hong Kong Sevens and Dubai Sevens , both held in areas not normally associated with the highest levels of the a-side game.

Due to the physical nature of playing rugby, several variants have been created to introduce the sport to children with a reduced level of physical contact.

Tag Rugby also varies in the fact that kicking the ball is not allowed. Mini rugby is another variant of rugby union aimed at fostering the sport in children.

Other less formal variants include beach rugby and snow rugby. Rugby league was formed as an administrative break from the English union before changing its laws, becoming a code in its own right.

The two sports continue to influence each other to this day. American football [] [] and Canadian football [] are derived from early forms of rugby.

Australian rules football was influenced by rugby football and other games originating in English public schools. James Naismith took aspects of many sports including rugby to invent basketball.

Naismith played rugby at McGill University. Swedish football was a code whose rules were a mix of Association and Rugby football rules.

Rugby lends its name to wheelchair rugby , a full-contact sport which contains elements of rugby such as crossing a try line with the ball to score.

According to a report by the Centre for the International Business of Sport, over four and a half million people play rugby union or one of its variants organised by the IRB.

It recorded a total of 6. The most capped international player from the tier 1 nations is former New Zealand openside flanker and captain Richie McCaw who has played in internationals.

In , the All Blacks of New Zealand set the new record 18 consecutive test wins among tier 1 rugby nations, bettering their previous consecutive run of The record attendance for a rugby union game was set on 15 July in which New Zealand defeated Australia 39—35 in a Bledisloe Cup game at Stadium Australia in Sydney before , fans.

In public art and sculpture there are many works dedicated to the sport. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a more detailed explanation of how rugby union is played, see Rugby union gameplay.

Not to be confused with Rugby league. History of rugby union. Rugby union laws and Rugby union gameplay. Rugby union match officials and Laws of rugby union.

World Rugby and Timeline of foundation of national rugby unions. List of rugby union playing countries. Rugby union in Asia. List of rugby union competitions.

History of American football , Comparison of American football and rugby union , Origins of Australian rules football , Comparison of rugby league and rugby union , and History of rugby league.

List of top rugby union players by international caps and List of top scoring international rugby union players. Some unions only report their registered players, i.

In the figures reported by the RFU they reported 1,, people playing rugby in England, including 1,, under 13s, , teens and , seniors. Some of those recorded would have experienced rugby via educational visits to schools, playing tag or touch rugby, rather than playing regularly for a club.

The figures released in give an overall figure of those playing rugby union, or one of its variants, as 6,,, but also reports that of that total, 3.

Retrieved 27 February Retrieved 28 March Retrieved 15 August Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 22 March Archived from the original on 29 August Retrieved 1 December Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 20 September Retrieved 6 February Five Epochs of Civilization: Retrieved 26 September The British and irish Lions.

Archived from the original on 7 June Retrieved 13 August Forerunners of the All Blacks. Retrieved 24 September Archived from the original on 24 August New Zealand History Online.

Retrieved 6 October The Invincible Second All Blacks have their toughest tour assignment when they are considered lucky to scrape home 13—10 against a star-studded Newport XV, 2 October: Argentina serve notice of their rapidly rising rugby stock by beating a Cardiff side captained by Gerald Davies.

The result of the very first match against Devon was regarded as a foregone conclusion by most British followers.

BBC Cymru Wales history. Retrieved 3 December Retrieved 20 November Archived from the original on 10 August Retrieved 18 August The New York Times.

Archived from the original on 22 April Retrieved 28 September Retrieved 19 November Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 21 March Retrieved 29 April Archived from the original PDF on 31 March Retrieved 30 September Retrieved 1 September Retrieved 16 August Archived from the original PDF on 16 February Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 7 December Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 26 April Archived from the original on 9 February Refereeing protocol rules over common sense".

Retrieved 15 March Archived from the original on 11 May Retrieved 24 October Archived from the original on 22 August Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 4 June Archived from the original on 22 September Archived from the original on 3 September Archived from the original on 12 September Archived from the original on 12 December Archived from the original on 18 May Archived from the original on 18 September Archived from the original on 2 September Archived from the original on 13 January Archived from the original on 16 October Archived from the original on 26 February Archived from the original on 4 October Archived from the original on 26 March Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 11 May Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 24 December Previous injury experience of a rugby-playing cohort".

New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. Archived from the original PDF on 28 September The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. University of Wales Press.

Archived from the original on 31 March Retrieved 1 October Archived from the original on 28 September Archived from the original on 15 September Retrieved 7 February Archived from the original on 11 June Retrieved 19 August Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 13 November Retrieved 5 November Cardiff Rugby Club, History and Statistics — Retrieved 5 August Retrieved 1 November Archived from the original PDF on 3 November Retrieved 25 September Retrieved 4 October Archived from the original on 21 November Archived from the original on 19 October South Africa v Australia".

Archived from the original on 30 August Retrieved 27 August Archived from the original on 26 August Retrieved 4 September Retrieved 17 September NZ win sevens as England miss medal".

Beautiful Side of a Brtual Game". Archived from the original on 23 December Retrieved 30 March Archived from the original on 19 September The Complete Book of Mini Rugby.

Archived from the original on 17 August Archived from the original on 26 July Myths and Milestones in the History of Sport. A Game of Our Own: The Origins of Australian Football.

Rugby union continues to grow in the Americas and parts of Asia as well. A rugby ball , originally called a quanco, is a diamond shape ball used for easier passing.

In rugby union, World Rugby regulates the size and shape of the ball under Law 2 also known as Law E. B ; an official rugby union ball is oval and made of four panels, has a length in-line of — millimetres, a circumference end to end of — millimetres, and a circumference in width of — millimetres.

It is made of leather or suitable synthetic material and may be treated to make it water resistant and easier to grip. Smaller sized balls may also be used in games between younger players.

Much larger versions of traditional balls are also available for purchase, but these are mainly for their novelty attraction. It is an international tournament organized by World Rugby.

The event is played in the union format and features the top 20 teams from around the world. The Rugby League World Cup was the first World Cup of either of the Rugby codes and was first held in France in , and as of occurs on a 4-year cycle.

It is an international tournament that is organized by the Rugby League International Federation. The event is played in the league format and features the top 14 teams from around the world.

Rugby shirts were formerly made of cotton but are now made of a cotton and polyester mix. This material has the advantage of not absorbing as much water or mud as cotton alone.

The rugby jerseys are slightly different depending on the type of rugby game played. The shirts worn by rugby league footballers commonly have a large "V" around the neck.

The players in rugby union wear jerseys with a more traditional design, sometimes completely white Cahors Rugby in France. The number of the player and his or her surname are placed on the upper back of the jersey often name above number, with the number being significantly larger and more central , and the logo of the team on the upper left chest.

With the popularity of rugby over the years, many betting establishments have made it possible for viewers of the game to place wagers on games. The various types of wagers that can be placed on games vary, however, the main types of bets that can be placed are as follows:.

Like most team sports, both forms of rugby are vulnerable to match-fixing, particularly bets involving easily manipulated outcomes, such as conceding penalties and first point scorer.

A recent example is a deliberate infringement by Ryan Tandy in order for the first points scored to be a penalty goal in a NRL match; the attempt backfired when instead of taking a shot at goal, a try was scored.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Comparison of rugby league and rugby union. History of rugby union and History of rugby league.

Comparison of rugby league and rugby union , Laws of rugby league , and Rugby union numbering schemes. Rugby union numbering schemes.

Kennell, The Gymnasium of Virtue: From the great divide to the Super era". Retrieved 25 September Retrieved 30 May Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 17 August Retrieved 3 July But it would still be one of the biggest shocks in World Cup history if Papua New Guinea — the only country to have rugby league as its national sport — were to qualify for the last four.

The Encyclopedia of Rugby Union. The Case of Rugby League Football. Tony Collins, Football, rugby, rugger?

Sport Governing bodies Sportspeople National sport. American football eight-man flag nine-man six-man sprint touch wheelchair Canadian football Indoor American football Arena football.

Beach Rugby league masters mod nines sevens tag wheelchair Rugby union American flag mini sevens snow tag touch tens Touch Wheelchair.

Rugby portal Rugby league portal Rugby union portal. Retrieved from " https: Rugby football Team sports Games and sports introduced in the 19th century Rugby School.

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Many different types of football are played throughout Britain. Running with the ball became common in s at Rugby School and Rugby School football became popular throughout the UK in the s, and s.

First written code of rules adopted at Rugby School. The first club to play rugby outside the British Islands. The Football Association FA is formed, formalising the schism between association football and rugby football.

The first rugby clubs are formed, followed by hundreds more in Cumberland, Lancashire and Yorkshire in the s, and s. The British Army plays a game of rugby against civilians in Montreal, introducing rugby to the country.

This movement would later evolve into Canadian football. First recognised international rugby match , played between England and Scotland.

Although a Rugby Football Union inquiry in found no actual proof, it decided to perpetuate the myth. English Rugby rules required for a tackled player, when the ball was "fairly held", to put the ball down immediately for scrummage.

Concerned at the growing dominance of the largely working-class northern clubs, the Rugby Football Union introduces strict amateur rules: Charges of professionalism are laid against rugby football clubs in Bradford and Leeds, after they compensated players for missing work.

RFU votes down proposal. Widespread suspensions of northern clubs and players begin. Many factors played a part in the split, including the success of working class northern teams, a decree by the RFU banning the playing of rugby at grounds where entrance fees were charged, threat of expulsion from the RFU if clubs cannot prove their amateurism, and the banning of "broken time payments" to players who had taken time off work to play rugby.

Within fifteen years of that first meeting in Huddersfield, more than RFU clubs had left to join the Northern Union. To make the game more exciting, the Northern Union abolishes the line-out and reduces value of all goals to two points.

Line outs were replaced with punting the ball back into play from the touch-line. Tries worth three points. The Challenge Cup is established and proves a success from the start.

Batley became the first winners, beating Saint Helens 10—3. Professionalism is introduced in the Northern Union.

The professionalism is strictly part-time, with players obliged to have other "proper" jobs. Rugby union features at the Olympics.

It finishes in the Olympics. The experiment in the Northern Union with the punt-out ends after only four years.

In future, play will be restarted with a scrum after the ball goes out of play. First rugby league international match. England lose to Other Nationalities 3—9, at Wigan.

England play South Africa known as the Springboks in rugby union for the first time. James Peters is withdrawn from the England squad after the South Africans objected to playing against a black player.

In the Northern Union the number of players is reduced from fifteen to thirteen a side, in order to allow more room for creative play. A New Zealand professional rugby team tours Britain.

They play under rugby union rules in Sydney. Rugby league spreads to Australia and New Zealand. The first Premiership is won by South Sydney.

Rugby league goes on to displace rugby union as the primary football code in New South Wales and Queensland.

The first Australian Kangaroo tourists visit Britain. Hunslet become the first club to win all four trophies available to them; the Championship, the Challenge Cup, the Yorkshire Cup and the Yorkshire League.

Hunslet were led by Albert Goldthorpe , a dominant figure in the early years of the code. South African rugby union tour of the British Isles and France.

Northern Union changes its name to the Rugby Football League , the name used for the sport in Australia. The New Zealanders remained undefeated throughout the tour, earning the title "The Invincibles".

First rugby league Challenge Cup Final is played at Wembley. Wigan defeat Dewsbury 13—2 in front of 41, Unprecedented fourth rugby league test match played between Britain and Australia at Rochdale after third test is drawn 0—0.

Britain win the test 3—0 to take the Ashes. The French had been excluded from the rugby union Five Nations competition amid allegations of professionalism, so the country was receptive to the new game.

Rugby league is established in France by Jean Galia , a former rugby union international and champion boxer.

On rugby - opinion

Kapstadt, Westkap, Südafrika 10 on Rugby. Die Spieler 11 bis 14 werden Dreiviertel engl. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Dafür gibt es grundsätzlich drei Möglichkeiten. Touch Rugby — Eine Rugbysportart mit geringem Körperkontakt. Standardsituationen im Rugby Union sind das Gedränge , mit dem nach einem kleineren Foul das Spiel neugestartet wird, und die Gasse , mit Einwurf des Balls, nachdem er im Aus war.

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